When I took Introduction to General Psychology, I remember my professor talking about the history of the discipline on several different occasions. I thought this was great because I think a lot of other disciplines lack acknowledgment of the history behind the field from their introduction. The history of a discipline is multidimensional, it can relate to the scholars involved in the discipline throughout the time it has existed, the organizations within the discipline, and the movements that occurred to create the discipline.
Talking about the first scholars in the field who, scholars who were vital in the progress of the field, and current scholars contributing to the field today is important because these are the people who make the field what it is. A very well known scholar in the field is Sigmund Freud, he contributed immensely to the field of psychology, and it is rare to find a person who is involved in the field of psychology who doesn’t knows this name. When we think about people who are relevant to the field today, we can look at things like respected journals and organizations, and who is involved with them. An organization that is relevant to the field of Psychology is the American Psychological Association , and a scholar that is relevant to the field today is the president of this organization. The president of the American Psychological Association is Antonio E. Peunte, PhD.
There is a lot of diversity in the field of Psychology when speaking about the topics that are covered and all of the different perspectives that can be taken on the field. Psychology is such an interesting field to me because it is scientific and empirical. What do I mean when I say this? By scientific, I mean that some studies in psychology are grounded on data and principles of science, for example, the chemical reactions that happen in someone’s brain when they experience happiness. By empirical I mean that there is a lot done in the field by observation. Psychologist observe people to collect knowledge, for example, a psychologist might observe someone in their natural environment, and then in a staged environment, and then see how their behaviors differ.
There are several methods that are used in the discipline. As I stated above, the discipline uses both scientific and empirical methods, and it also uses both qualitative and quantitative methods. An example of qualitative method is the observation that is done in the discipline, and an example of qualitative method is the scientific research.
The coursework linked with the psychology dicipline is extremely interesting me, because there are so many different perspectives. The courses from the discipline of psychology often overlap with other diciplines. Some examples of courses in the discipline that often overlap into other diciplines are abnormal Psychology, developmental psychology, and adulthood and aging psychology.